TC. Socio-ecological impacts and social inequality

Contemporary food systems profoundly impact socio-ecological systems, both from production itself, through distribution and marketing channels, and finally through agroindustrial transformation processes. Patterns of consumption, type of diet, food waste, and waste generation are expressions of the complex interrelations between agricultural systems, the ecological environment, and food systems. In the last decades, radical changes to agrifood systems have had repercussions both on the quality of food and on the medium and long-term viability of the productive systems, as well as on the state of the socio-ecological systems on which social welfare and environmental health depend.

This table makes up a transversal dimension of analysis and reflection, in which we wish to promote a discussion on the differentiated impacts of food systems on socio-ecological systems. Food patterns, deregulated food markets, and marketing and distribution by large transnational monopolies have unequal effects on both agricultural systems and the ecological integrity of the systems. Large and small farmers unevenly experience the environmental costs generated. The erosion and fragility of soils, pollution, and overexploitation of surface and subsoil waters, climate change and threats of extreme hydrometeorological events have unequal effects among farmers. These impacts further affect and marginalize the most vulnerable sectors of the rural and urban populations, deepening inequalities and hindering the construction of food justice. In this scheme of control and dispossession of agro-ecological systems, we want to discuss and make the social marginalization and vulnerability of farming and peasant families visible that searches for healthier and more ecological alternatives for the production and distribution of food.


· Impacts on socioecological systems

· Socioecological inequality and vulnerability

· Agro-ecological and food interactions

· Food and socioenvironmental justice

· Consumption patterns and their agroecological effects