This table seeks to promote reflection around the scale with which food justice and sovereignty is defined and sought to be implemented. Although such debates are commonly raised by the nation-state and regional governments according to their responsibilities regarding public policies, the governance of food systems is done at different scales, with intersections and/or tensions between them.
We observe the emergence of cities as key entities in food governance, but international and trans-maritime decisions (linked, for example, with migration, international agreements such as ALENA and T-MEC) have a strong impact on the relationships between food, agriculture and inequities, beyond the national and regional levels. At the same time, and to broaden the reflection, if metropolitan governance systems become dominant, this raises discussion regarding the risk of erasing the agricultural and food particularities of small and medium-sized cities, as well as rural spaces and villages. Does food governance serve the interests of consumers, producers, or intermediaries? What are these interests? In what ways could governance promote ethnic and gender equity, self-determination by all and for all? In what ways can indigenous peoples participate in this governance? On the other hand, the agricultural and food policy in a given place (for example: a region, a state, or a nation) and the way in which justice or sovereignty is addressed are influenced by the same sociopolitical environment. The position of a political structure towards sovereignty depends on that situation and democracy and human rights impact the formulation of social justice issues through agrifood policies.
These perspectives question the lack of adaptation between the extension of agricultural and food networks and the political divisions where they are deployed. Likewise, when we think about the articulation between public and territorial policies and globalization, an important question arises: What is the risk of ideological change when food self-sufficiency is associated with autonomy? What are the implications in terms of national security, protectionism, food sovereignty and security in the era of global interdependence? Who decides our food? How do calls for decolonization (for example, of indigenous peoples) and territorial justice form part of food policy initiatives? What roles do researchers and grassroots movements play in these efforts?
· Agricultural policy, food policy
· International/transregional governance
· Environmental/territorial justice
· Decolonization and/or reparations (for example in the context of the United States)