WG4. Territories and inequalities in access to food

Inequalities of access to food and agriculture are at the heart of the problems of food justice and sovereignty. In this work group, unequal social relations between territories or between class categories, gender, ethnicity, marginalized groups are considered structural dimensions of access or inaccessibility to sufficient quantity or quality of food. Topics of interest are the processes that create scenarios of inaccessibility to foods linked to segregation in urban areas, which have influenced the appearance of "food deserts;" but also in the difficulties to access and own land in rural areas that favor food insecurity. The objective of the working group is also to critically reflect on the concept of food accessibility, which allows for drawing attention to access inequalities but raises other questions: How is access articulated with the daily strategies of the inhabitants to feed themselves? Does it integrate the structural relations of power that cross them?

Faced with issues of food accessibility, the synergies of actors with diverse statuses participate in the emergence of alternative systems (short circuits, organic foods, local consumption), which seek to reconfigure accessibility and food security. How do such devices transform the modes of access to food, practices and values, the territories of life? How do they really participate in strategies of justice or food sovereignty? The support in a critical perspective opens the debate on the new forms of injustices that appear with the emergence of alternatives to the conventional agro-alimentary system. Who benefits from the new political and social events? How should new induced social transformations (among people, ecogentrification, food gentrification) be faced? Emphasis is placed on the way in which these alternatives are part of the reproduction of unequal power relations, between goods and/or producers, between different social or racial groups. The question is how to modify this geometry of power, if food justice and sovereignty are not only summarized as a lack of food security or lack of food access, but basically depends on a system of relationships characterized precisely by asymmetry.

Topics:

· Accesibility, food sovereignty and justice

· Inequalities of access to food and spacial consequences

· Ownership and access to land

· Alternative agroalimentary systems, food and social policy

· Critical thought